The Bund, It’s Nationalism, It’s Separatism: Marxism and the National Question

by Joseph Stalin

We said above that Bauer, while granting the necessity of national autonomy for the Czechs, Poles, and so on, nevertheless opposes similar autonomy for the Jews. In answer to the question, “Should the working class demand autonomy for the Jewish people?” Bauer says that “national autonomy cannot be demanded by the Jewish workers.” According to Bauer, the reason is that “capitalist society makes it impossible for them (the Jews – J. St.) to continue as a nation.”

In brief, the Jewish nation is coming to an end, and hence there is nobody to demand national autonomy for. The Jews are being assimilated.

A demonstration of the General Jewish Labour Bund, 1917

This view of the fate of the Jews as a nation is not a new one. It was expressed by Marx as early as the ‘forties, in reference chiefly to the German Jews. It was repeated by Kautsky in 1903, in reference to the Russian Jews. It is now being repeated by Bauer in reference to the Austrian Jews, with the difference, however, that he denies not the present but the future of the Jewish nation.

Bauer explains the impossibility of preserving the existence of the Jews as a nation by the fact that “the Jews have no closed territory of settlement.” This explanation, in the main a correct one, does not however express the whole truth. Continue reading

Solidarity to the struggle of the Greek people! – Shame on the Government of Finland!

Yrjö Hakanen, Chairman of the CP of Finland – 18.02.2012

Greece is to be made into a precedent of how the bill of the financial crisis is to be paid by the working and poor people. At the same time the crisis is used to attack workers’ rights and democracy, to carry out privatization and to implement a huge income transfer in favour of big capital. The perpetrators are the same representatives of financial capital, of the European Union and of the governments, who are to blame for the crisis.

The Communist Party of Finland expresses its solidarity with the Greek workers and people, with the trade union movement and left-wing forces who struggle against the austerity policies pursued by the European Union, the International Monetary Fund and the plutocracy.

The CPF condemns the participation of the Government of Finland in such policies which crush the democratic rights of the Greek people, reduce the wages by half of the pre-crisis levels, operate drastic cuts in social security, privatize public services and generate growing unemployment and poverty. It is a shame that such policies are supported within the Finnish government by leaders of the Social Democratic Party, the Left Alliance and the Greens Party, too.

We Communists are on Saturday 18 February in Helsinki part and parcel of the demonstration of solidarity and support for the struggle of the Greek people: “We all are Greeks, the struggle is common. We have had enough of austerity and of the oligarchy!”

Solidarity to the Greek workers and people.

Solidarity to the Greek workers and people. / Arjo Suonperä