The Economic Basis of the Withering Away of the State: The State and Revolution

by Vladimir Lenin

Marx explains this question most thoroughly in his Critique of the Gotha Programme (letter to Bracke, May 5, 1875, which was not published until 1891 when it was printed in Neue Zeit, vol. IX, 1, and which has appeared in Russian in a special edition). The polemical part of this remarkable work, which contains a criticism of Lassalleanism, has, so to speak, overshadowed its positive part, namely, the analysis of the connection between the development of communism and the withering away of the state.

1. Presentation of the Question by Marx

From a superficial comparison of Marx’s letter to Bracke of May 5, 1875, with Engels’ letter to Bebel of March 28, 1875, which we examined above, it might appear that Marx was much more of a “champion of the state” than Engels, and that the difference of opinion between the two writers on the question of the state was very considerable.

Engels suggested to Bebel that all chatter about the state be dropped altogether, that the word “state” be eliminated from the programme altogether and the word “community” substituted for it. Engels even declared that the Commune was long a state in the proper sense of the word. Yet Marx even spoke of the “future state in communist society”, i.e., he would seem to recognize the need for the state even under communism.

But such a view would be fundamentally wrong. A closer examination shows that Marx’s and Engels’ views on the state and its withering away were completely identical, and that Marx’s expression quoted above refers to the state in the process of withering away. Continue reading

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Oppose Aquino Policy of Greater US Military Presence in the Philipines – CPP

Communist Party of the Philippines, Information Bureau

The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) urged the Filipino people to oppose the Aquino regime’s policy of national treachery in calling for increasing American military presence in the Phlippines through the Balikatan “joint exercises”. The CPP issued this statement as around 4,500 US soldiers are set to arrive in the Philippines to hold naval and other maneuvers starting tomorrow along the South China Sea, off the coast of Palawan, in the general vicinity of the disputed Spratly islands.

US aggression forces train Philippine puppet troops during joint military exercises. Photo from http://www.stripes.com

“The so-called joint military exercises to be carried out this year by the US and Philippine governments are clear acts of power projection and military muscle flexing by the imperialist US government directed at China whose rising economic power, political influence and military strength are perceived by the US as threats to its aims of expanding and strengthening its hegemony over the Asia-Pacific region,” said the CPP. Continue reading

The Same People Who Support Sheriff Joe Arpaio Support Congressman Ron Paul. They’re Called Neo-Nazis.

by Rick Gunderman

Ron Paul hysteria seems to have truly gripped the Internet, and not simply among American users. Virtually every English-speaking country has now produced its share of keyboard cowboys hell-bent on taking up the mission that their hero has handed down to them – to spread the word, since Dr. Paul himself is refusing financial donations from rich people.

Actually, he’s not. And although not rich himself, he’s also not poor. But that’s beside the point.

Neither are his policies the point, although it is worth mentioning some highlights in brief.

A Wolf In Sheep’s Clothing

Dr. Paul has captivated many self-described left-wing activists, mostly those who insist on a “libertarian” bend to their ideology. Aside from revealing the general bankruptcy of “left-wing libertarianism”, it reveals broadly the faults that come with a lack of coherent political theory. Continue reading

Cypriot Communists on European Parliament Resolution on 2011 progress report on Turkey

Statement of the Head of the International Relations and European Affairs Department of the Central Committee of AKEL, Costas Christodoulides

Release Date: March 30, 2012

Press Office C.C. AKEL, 30/3/2012, Nicosia

Yesterday the European Parliament approved the annual assessment of Turkey’s accession course.

AKEL do not vote in favour of the Report because it contains some serious inaccuracies and errors in the paragraph on the Cyprus problem and other relevant points. We tabled amendments which although were not approved sent the message that there is significant room for improvement.

This does not negate the fact that the Report includes elements that are evaluated as positive. The Resolution regarding the Cyprus notes the following:

The reference to the need for Turkey to comply with the Law of the Sea and the inclusion of the provision in the Report on Turkey’s statements and threats against the Cyprus Presidency of the Council of the EU are perceived as positive. Turkey’s assessment that it can behave in an unruly and aggressive manner against the sovereign rights of the Republic of Cyprus without any cost is not accepted by the European Parliament.

In addition, we also assess as positive the call for the withdrawal of the Turkish troops, the return of Famagusta based on UN Resolution 550, as well as the inclusion of a provision regarding the colonisation.

The negative aspect of the Report includes the erroneous equation of Turkey’s role with the other interested parties regarding the call to work intensively and constructively for a comprehensive solution.

Furthermore, it mistakenly calls on the Republic of Cyprus to open the port of Famagusta under the customs aegis of the EU, given that this position is a proposal of our side, but which the Turkish side rejects.

In addition, for the second year it avoids referring to the parameters of the solution (UN, EU) in contradiction to the decisions of the EU Council.

We wish to point out the following. Those forces and institutions who want to really contribute to the solution of the Cyprus problem must consistently exercise their political influence on the intransigent side which is the force keeping the people of Cyprus, Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots, prisoners for 38 years.

We reiterate our position that we are in favour of Turkey’s accession course, subject to its full compliance with the negotiating framework that has been set and that it fulfils its obligations towards Cyprus.

AKEL will continue to disagree with approaches that appease Turkey, particularly as long as the latter exhibits an intransigent stand with regards its own obligations.

Finally, the Cypriot people once again had the opportunity to determine that the most consistent supporter of its rights in the European Parliament is the European United Left-Nordic Green Left, which backed all the positions of principle for the solution of the Cyprus problem and the need for Turkey’s compliance with its obligations.