The Nation: Marxism and the National Question

by Joseph Stalin

What is a nation?

A nation is primarily a community, a definite community of people.

This community is not racial, nor is it tribal. The modern Italian nation was formed from Romans, Teutons, Etruscans, Greeks, Arabs, and so forth. The French nation was formed from Gauls, Romans, Britons, Teutons, and so on. The same must be said of the British, the Germans and others, who were formed into nations from people of diverse races and tribes.

Thus, a nation is not a racial or tribal, but a historically constituted community of people.

On the other hand, it is unquestionable that the great empires of Cyrus and Alexander could not be called nations, although they came to be constituted historically and were formed out of different tribes and races. They were not nations, but casual and loosely-connected conglomerations of groups, which fell apart or joined together according to the victories or defeats of this or that conqueror.

Thus, a nation is not a casual or ephemeral conglomeration, but a stable community of people.

But not every stable community constitutes a nation. Continue reading

Cypriot Communists on European Parliament Resolution on 2011 progress report on Turkey

Statement of the Head of the International Relations and European Affairs Department of the Central Committee of AKEL, Costas Christodoulides

Release Date: March 30, 2012

Press Office C.C. AKEL, 30/3/2012, Nicosia

Yesterday the European Parliament approved the annual assessment of Turkey’s accession course.

AKEL do not vote in favour of the Report because it contains some serious inaccuracies and errors in the paragraph on the Cyprus problem and other relevant points. We tabled amendments which although were not approved sent the message that there is significant room for improvement.

This does not negate the fact that the Report includes elements that are evaluated as positive. The Resolution regarding the Cyprus notes the following:

The reference to the need for Turkey to comply with the Law of the Sea and the inclusion of the provision in the Report on Turkey’s statements and threats against the Cyprus Presidency of the Council of the EU are perceived as positive. Turkey’s assessment that it can behave in an unruly and aggressive manner against the sovereign rights of the Republic of Cyprus without any cost is not accepted by the European Parliament.

In addition, we also assess as positive the call for the withdrawal of the Turkish troops, the return of Famagusta based on UN Resolution 550, as well as the inclusion of a provision regarding the colonisation.

The negative aspect of the Report includes the erroneous equation of Turkey’s role with the other interested parties regarding the call to work intensively and constructively for a comprehensive solution.

Furthermore, it mistakenly calls on the Republic of Cyprus to open the port of Famagusta under the customs aegis of the EU, given that this position is a proposal of our side, but which the Turkish side rejects.

In addition, for the second year it avoids referring to the parameters of the solution (UN, EU) in contradiction to the decisions of the EU Council.

We wish to point out the following. Those forces and institutions who want to really contribute to the solution of the Cyprus problem must consistently exercise their political influence on the intransigent side which is the force keeping the people of Cyprus, Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots, prisoners for 38 years.

We reiterate our position that we are in favour of Turkey’s accession course, subject to its full compliance with the negotiating framework that has been set and that it fulfils its obligations towards Cyprus.

AKEL will continue to disagree with approaches that appease Turkey, particularly as long as the latter exhibits an intransigent stand with regards its own obligations.

Finally, the Cypriot people once again had the opportunity to determine that the most consistent supporter of its rights in the European Parliament is the European United Left-Nordic Green Left, which backed all the positions of principle for the solution of the Cyprus problem and the need for Turkey’s compliance with its obligations.